今日の臨床サポート

僧帽弁閉鎖不全症(含む僧帽弁逸脱症)

関連論文:
img  8:  Functional anatomy of mitral regurgitation: accuracy and outcome implications of transesophageal echocardiography.
 
著者: M Enriquez-Sarano, W K Freeman, C M Tribouilloy, T A Orszulak, B K Khandheria, J B Seward, K R Bailey, A J Tajik
雑誌名: J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 Oct;34(4):1129-36.
Abstract/Text OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to determine the accuracy and outcome implications of mitral regurgitant lesions assessed by echocardiography.
BACKGROUND: In patients with mitral regurgitation (MR), valve repair is a major incentive to early surgery and is decided on the basis of the anatomic mitral lesions. These lesions can be observed easily with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), but the accuracy and implications for outcome and clinical decision-making of these observations are unknown.
METHODS: In 248 consecutive patients operated on for MR, the anatomic lesions diagnosed with TEE were compared with those observed by the surgeon and those seen on 216 transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) studies, and their relationship to postoperative outcome was determined.
RESULTS: Compared with surgical diagnosis, the accuracy of TEE was high: 99% for cause and mechanism, presence of vegetations and prolapsed or flail segment, and 88% for ruptured chordae. Diagnostic accuracy was higher for TEE than TTE for all end points (p < 0.001), but the difference was of low magnitude (<10%) except for mediocre TTE imaging or flail leaflets (both p < 0.001). The type of mitral lesions identified by TEE (floppy valve, restricted motion, functional lesion) were determinants of valve repairability and postoperative outcome (operative mortality and long-term survival; all p < 0.001) independent of age, gender, ejection fraction and presence of coronary artery disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Transesophageal echocardiography provides a highly accurate anatomic assessment of all types of MR lesions and has incremental diagnostic value if TTE is inconclusive. The functional anatomy of MR defined by TEE is strongly and independently predictive of valve repairability and postoperative outcome. Therefore, the mitral lesions assessed by echocardiography represent essential information for clinical decision making, particularly for the indication of early surgery for MR.

PMID 10520802  J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 Oct;34(4):1129-36.
戻る

さらなるご利用にはご登録が必要です。

こちらよりご契約または優待日間無料トライアルお申込みをお願いします。

(※トライアルご登録は1名様につき、一度となります)


ご契約の場合はご招待された方だけのご優待特典があります。

以下の優待コードを入力いただくと、

契約期間が通常12ヵ月のところ、14ヵ月ご利用いただけます。

優待コード: (利用期限:まで)

ご契約はこちらから