今日の臨床サポート

農薬中毒

関連論文:
img  10:  Organophosphate and carbamate poisoning.
 
著者: Andrew M King, Cynthia K Aaron
雑誌名: Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2015 Feb;33(1):133-51. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2014.09.010. Epub 2014 Nov 15.
Abstract/Text Organophosphates (OPs) and carbamates have a wide variety of applications, most commonly as pesticides used to eradicate agricultural pests or control populations of disease-carrying vectors. Some OP and carbamates have therapeutic indications such as physostigmine. Certain organophosphorus compounds, known as nerve agents, have been employed in chemical warfare and terrorism incidents. Both classes inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) enzymes, leading to excess acetylcholine accumulation at nerve terminals. In the setting of toxicity from either agent class, clinical syndromes result from excessive nicotinic and muscarinic neurostimulation. The toxic effects from OPs and carbamates differ with respect to reversibility, subacute, and chronic effects. Decontamination, meticulous supportive care, aggressive antimuscarinic therapy, seizure control, and administration of oximes are cornerstones of management.

Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
PMID 25455666  Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2015 Feb;33(1):133-51. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2014.09.010. Epub 2014 Nov 15.
戻る

さらなるご利用にはご登録が必要です。

こちらよりご契約または優待日間無料トライアルお申込みをお願いします。

(※トライアルご登録は1名様につき、一度となります)


ご契約の場合はご招待された方だけのご優待特典があります。

以下の優待コードを入力いただくと、

契約期間が通常12ヵ月のところ、14ヵ月ご利用いただけます。

優待コード: (利用期限:まで)

ご契約はこちらから