今日の臨床サポート

ミトコンドリア病

関連論文:
img  29:  Valproic acid impairs carnitine uptake in cultured human skin fibroblasts. An in vitro model for the pathogenesis of valproic acid-associated carnitine deficiency.
 
著者: I Tein, S DiMauro, Z W Xie, D C De Vivo
雑誌名: Pediatr Res. 1993 Sep;34(3):281-7. doi: 10.1203/00006450-199309000-00008.
Abstract/Text The mechanisms of valproate-associated carnitine deficiency are controversial. The urinary excretion of valproylcarnitine is insufficient to account for tissue carnitine depletion. To explore this mechanism, we studied the effects of valproic acid (VPA) on carnitine uptake in cultured human skin fibroblasts by the method of Tein et al. (Pediatr Res 28:247-255, 1990). Fibroblasts were preincubated with varying concentrations (0-2000 microM) of VPA for 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 21, and 28 d and then incubated with fixed carnitine concentrations of 50 microM (normal physiologic concentration), 20 microM (as seen in secondary carnitine deficiency disorders), or 5 microM (as seen in the plasma membrane carnitine transport defect). There was an exponential dose-dependent decrease in carnitine uptake with increasing VPA concentrations, and the relative inhibitory effect was the same for all three carnitine concentrations. The mean percentages +/- SD (n-1) of residual carnitine uptake for all combined preincubation periods (1-28 d) and combined carnitine concentrations (5, 20, and 50 mumol/L) with increasing concentrations of VPA varied from 83.4 +/- 2.6% (10 microM VPA) to 56.7 +/- 0.1% (500 microM) to 19.8 +/- 1.3% (2000 microM). The degree of inhibition was directly proportional to the time of VPA preincubation and parallel for all three carnitine concentrations; the longer the preincubation period, the lower the toxic dose of VPA (to a minimum of 450 microM), resulting in a 50% suppression of carnitine uptake (TD50).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID 8134167  Pediatr Res. 1993 Sep;34(3):281-7. doi: 10.1203/00006450-199309000-00008.
戻る

さらなるご利用にはご登録が必要です。

こちらよりご契約または優待日間無料トライアルお申込みをお願いします。

(※トライアルご登録は1名様につき、一度となります)


ご契約の場合はご招待された方だけのご優待特典があります。

以下の優待コードを入力いただくと、

契約期間が通常12ヵ月のところ、14ヵ月ご利用いただけます。

優待コード: (利用期限:まで)

ご契約はこちらから