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関連論文:
img  4:  Application of magnetic resonance urography in diagnosis of congenital urogenital anomalies in children.
 
著者: Seyedmehdi Payabvash, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh, Parisa Saeedi, Zhina Sadeghi, Azadeh Elmi, Mehrzad Mehdizadeh
雑誌名: Pediatr Surg Int. 2008 Sep;24(9):979-86. doi: 10.1007/s00383-008-2196-7. Epub 2008 Jul 31.
Abstract/Text Magnetic resonance urography (MRU) has become a useful adjuvant in evaluating urogenital anomalies. In present study, we evaluated the ability of MRU in diagnosis of different congenital urogenital anomalies when the results of conventional imaging modalities were inconclusive. A total of 90 children were included in this series. The children were evaluated with T2-weighted and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MRU sequences. The results were compared with findings obtained with ultrasonography, intravenous urography, renal nuclide scan, and voiding cystourethrography. MRU was requested in these children because conventional imaging modalities were equivocal or a co-existing urogenital anomaly was suspected. Only those cases that underwent surgery were included in this study and the surgical findings were set as the reference standard in statistical evaluation. The records of 61 boys with mean (range) age of 2.3 years (2 months-12 years) and 29 girls with mean (range) age of 3.3 years (3 months-12 years) were reviewed. The final diagnosis was ureteropelvic junction obstruction (n = 25), vesicoureteral junction obstruction (n = 16), ureterocele (n = 19), ectopic kidney (n = 11), posterior urethral valve (n = 17), and polycystic kidney (n = 2). The overall sensitivity of MRU, intravenous urography, renal nuclide scan, ultrasonography, and voiding cystourethrography in diagnosis of the aforementioned anomalies were 86, 63, 50, 44, and 41%, respectively. MRU was much more sensitive than other imaging modalities in diagnosis of end-ureteral dilation (100%) and ureterocele (89%). MRU provides a reliable noninvasive technique for imaging of the congenital anomalies in the urinary tract of children with T2-weighted MRU sequences providing unenhanced static-water images of the urinary tract as well as depicting adjacent soft-tissue lesions, and T1-weighted MRU technique imitating conventional intravenous urography. Both MRU sequences can be combined for a comprehensive examination of the urinary tract.

PMID 18668256  Pediatr Surg Int. 2008 Sep;24(9):979-86. doi: 10.1007/s00383-008-2196-7. Epub 2008 Jul 31.
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