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img  4:  Cardiovascular complaints. Correlation with cardiac arrhythmias on 24-hour electrocardiographic monitoring.
 
著者: S M Zeldis, B J Levine, E L Michelson, J Morganroth
雑誌名: Chest. 1980 Sep;78(3):456-61.
Abstract/Text Long-term ambulatory electrocardiographic (Holter) monitoring is frequently used to evaluate patients with various cardiovascular complaints, including palpitations, dyspnea, discomfort in the chest, dizziness, and syncope. In the present study, 518 consecutive 24-hour electrocardiographic recordings were reviewed to determine correlations between cardiac diagnoses, presenting complaints, and specific electrocardiographic abnormalities. Two hundred seventy-four patients (53 percent) had significant arrhythmias; 212 (41 percent) had significant ventricular arrhythmias, and 106 (20 percent) significant atrial arrhythmias, including 44 patients (8 percent) with both. No presenting complaint or cardiovascular diagnosis correlated closely with any specific cardiac arrhythmia. Major arrhythmias, including supraventricular and ventricular tachycardias, often occurred asymptomatically (in 44/54 and 37/40 patients, respectively); however, among 371 patients with accurate historic logs, only 176 (47 percent) had long-term electrocardiographic studies in which their typical symptoms occurred during the monitoring period. Fifty (13 percent) of the 371 patients had concurrence of their presenting complaints with an arrhythmia, and 126 patients (34 percent) had their typical symptoms associated with a normal electrocardiogram, which was helpful in excluding an abnormality of rhythm or conduction as the primary cause for their complaints.

PMID 7418465  Chest. 1980 Sep;78(3):456-61.
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