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関連論文:
img  3:  Body region prevalence of injury in alcohol- and non-alcohol-related traffic injuries.
 
著者: S C Chen, F Y Lin, K J Chang
雑誌名: J Trauma. 1999 Nov;47(5):881-4.
Abstract/Text OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between alcohol use and body region of injury in patients injured in traffic collisions.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study of 381 patients involved in traffic collisions over the past 4 months. These patients were categorized as either using alcohol or not using alcohol on the day of the accident. Eighty of 381 patients (21%) had detectable blood alcohol concentrations. Age, sex, location of injury, helmet use, clinical diagnosis, Injury Severity Score, Glasgow Coma Scale score, and blood alcohol concentrations were collected for each patient. Blood alcohol concentrations were measured by the radioactive energy attenuation method.
RESULTS: The incidence of head, face, chest, abdomen, and extremity injury in patients with alcohol use was 39%, 56%, 13%, 15%, and 55%, respectively, and 26%, 32%, 15%, 12%, and 63% in those without alcohol use, respectively. The differences in the incidence of head and facial injuries were significant between these two groups (p<0.05). Mean blood alcohol concentrations in head, face, chest, abdomen, and extremity injury were 171, 204, 215, 231, and 163 mg/dL, respectively.
CONCLUSION: More injuries to the head and facial areas compared with other body parts were found in patients with alcohol use. However, alcohol level did not seem to influence the region of the body injured.

PMID 10568716  J Trauma. 1999 Nov;47(5):881-4.
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